People in the Project
The Benaroya Gift
Cyril M. Harris, Ph.D. Acoustical Consultant
The Benaroya Gift
In March of 1993, Jack Benaroya (1921-2012) laid the groundwork for the hall that
bears his name. Having recently read an article by Seattle Times classical
music critic Melinda Bargreen in which Bargreen argued for a new concert hall, Benaroya
met with Gerard Schwarz, the Seattle Symphony’s Music Director at that time, to
discuss his plans. Benaroya said that he was considering a major gift to the City,
and he asked what it would take to pursue the construction of a new concert hall.
Maestro Schwarz didn’t hesitate: "It's the perfect way to get this thing going,”
he said, “and $15 million is the right number."
Schwarz's direct answer to Benaroya’s question inspired Benaroya to act decisively.
He conferred with his family and within a few days, Benaroya, alongside his wife
Becky, made a $15 million commitment through the Benaroya Foundation. Benaroya personally
committed an additional $800,000 to help the Symphony deal with immediate operational
The Benaroya story is the American dream writ large. Born in Montgomery, Alabama,
of immigrant Jewish parents from Lebanon, Jack and his family moved to Seattle in
1933. He graduated from Garfield High School, then served in the U.S. Navy for three
and a half years during World War II. After his discharge, he returned to Seattle
and rejoined the family business — Consolidated Beverages. By his 30s, he
felt the need for a new, creative challenge and left the family business to carve
a niche for himself in real estate.
He began his new career by building and leasing U.S. post offices to the government,
as well as buildings for lease to Pacific Northwest Bell and a number of medical
and commercial buildings. He subsequently moved to larger projects including several
business/industrial parks in the greater Puget Sound area and in Portland, Oregon.
In the mid-1970s he built the Design Center Northwest and the 6100 Gift Mart Building
in Seattle. In 1984, the Benaroya holdings were sold to Trammell Crow, the nation's
largest commercial real estate developer in a joint venture with the California
Public Employees Retirement System and the California Teachers Retirement System.
The responsibility of running the Benaroya Company was passed onto his son, Larry,
allowing Jack to concentrate on fundraising for — and contributing to —
charitable and civic causes. He believed in giving back to the community, and one
of his favorite quotes was by Winston Churchill, "You make a living by what you
get. You make a life by what you give." Significant gifts by the Benaroya Family
fund diabetes research at the Virginia Mason Hospital and Research Center, the University
of Washington and the University of Pennsylvania.
In 1995, Jack Benaroya was inducted into the Puget Sound Business Hall of Fame,
an award sponsored by Junior Achievement, and was also the recipient of the Seattle-King
County Association of Realtors' First Citizen Award in 1998. Becky and Jack Benaroya
received a 1995 Seattle Symphony Individual Arts Award for their extraordinary commitment
to the community.
Cyril M. Harris, Ph.D.
Cyril M. Harris (1917–2011) spent his entire professional life in the field of acoustics,
as a research scientist, teacher, author of numerous books, and the acoustical designer
of many performing arts facilities. At Columbia University, he researched the acoustical
properties of building materials, room acoustics, and musical instruments and published
extensively on these subjects. Halls for which he has been the acoustical designer
include the Metropolitan Opera House (1966), Powell Symphony Hall in Saint Louis
(1968), Krannert Center for the Performing Arts in Urbana, Illinois (1969), the
Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (1971), Abravanel Hall in Salt Lake City
(1979), and the National Centre for the Performing Arts in Bombay, India (1980).
Dr. Harris' extensive publications serve as basic reference books for acoustical
engineers and architects internationally. They include: Acoustical Designing in
Architecture, Noise Control in Buildings, Dictionary of Architecture
and Construction, Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture,
and the newly published American Architecture: An Illustrated Encyclopedia.
In the design of auditoriums for music, Dr. Harris was a strong proponent of tradition,
employing the conventional rectangular shape of concert halls and using classic
building materials, such as wood and plaster.
In describing the qualities of a great concert hall, Dr. Harris stated, "It should
have warmth. There should be tonal balance; no part of the frequency range should
be emphasized at the expense of another. The hall should have as great a feeling
of intimacy and a sense of contact with the performers as is possible in an auditorium
seating over two and a half thousand people. Clarity of tone is important, too;
it helps when the hall provides a blending of the sound of various instruments,
yet permits them to retain their individual identities." Dr. Harris noted that the
sounds produced by the performers should be complemented to the highest degree possible
by appropriate reverberation and diffusion characteristics. To ensure that both
the S. Mark Taper Foundation Auditorium and the Illsley Ball Nordstrom Recital Hall
at Benaroya Hall achieve acoustical excellence, he worked closely and synergistically
with Mark Reddington of LMN Architects to create superb facilities for musical presentations
Cyril M. Harris served as Professor Emeritus of Architecture and Charles Batchelor
Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering at Columbia University. He received
his B.A. in mathematics and his M.A. in physics from UCLA, and his Ph.D. in physics
from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he specialized in acoustics. He
held honorary doctorates from the New Jersey Institute of Technology and from Northwestern
University. His achievements in auditorium acoustics have been recognized by the
AIA Medal awarded by the American Institute of Architects, the Gold Medal of the
Acoustical Society of America, the Gold Medal of the Audio Engineering Society,
the Franklin Medal from Philadelphia's Franklin Institute, the Sabine Medal of the
Acoustical Society of America, the Mayor's Award for Science & Technology of
the City of New York, and the Pupin Medal for 1998 awarded by Columbia University.
LMN Architects is acclaimed for its design expertise in meeting complex project
challenges which result in architectural works of aesthetic sensitivity and enduring
quality. Their relationship with the Seattle Symphony stretches over a decade of
design investigation and technical resolution that led to the new concert facility
for the Orchestra's performances. This effort was led by project Partner-in-Charge
Judsen Marquardt and Design Partner Mark Reddington. LMN’s distinctive cultural
arts venues, convention centers, higher education facilities and transit stations
enrich civic life throughout the United States and beyond. The firm now numbers
100 employees with architects, interior designers and urban planners as well as
At the core of LMN’s practice is a belief in the creative process of active engaged
dialogue. The firm’s design process is a collaborative exploration with consultants,
colleagues, clients and the community seeking new insights and innovative solutions.
Discussions of real issues—the site, the program and functional requirements—provide
the basis and the inspiration for a project’s form. By beginning each project with
exploratory research, by asking the right questions and by providing direct answers,
LMN engages the fundamental experiences and needs of both the users and the community.
The firm has been responsible for design of over 75 public events buildings nationwide,
including convention, civic and performing arts centers. LMN's recent design work
includes the Tobin Center for the Performing Arts in San Antonio, TX., the Conrad
Prebys Music Center at the University of California, San Diego, CA., the Music and
Drama School at the City College of San Francisco, CA., and the School of Music
at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, IA. Seattle area projects include Marion
Oliver McCaw Hall, the city’s 2,900-seat performance hall at Seattle Center that
is home to the Pacific Northwest Ballet and Seattle Opera. There are smaller LMN
designed theaters and performance spaces scattered throughout the city and the
region. The nearby arch over Pike Street creates a gateway into Seattle and is part
of LMN’s Washington State Convention Center Expansion. The firm also designed the
new Foster School of Business, the Paul G. Allen Center for Computer Science and
Engineering, and several other facilities at the University of Washington’s Seattle
campus, as well as other higher education campuses in the region.